Saturday, November 18, 2017

The most asked SAP HR Interview Questions (Business Processes in HCM)


HR Interview QuestionsSAP HR Interview Questions |Business Processes in HCM| Part B

  Hope You found Part A of SAP HR Interview Questions on Business Processes in HCM helpful while preparing for your SAP HCM Interview questions. Here in this post we are adding 26 most asked SAP HCM interview questions as Part B, which is an addition to existing 25 questions on Business Processes in SAP HR. It is highly recommended that you read Part A before reading this post. Click here to read Part A.    1. What are the most important processes in the HR department? The HR is the most important division for any organization. The processes of the HR department are employee administration, payroll, legal reporting of efficiency, and agreements with the changing global and local regulations.   2. List the most important structures in HR. Following are the important structures in HR
  • Enterprise
  • Personnel
  • Organization
  • Pay Scale
  • Wage type
  3. What is Employee Self-Service (ESS)? ESS facilitates the employees of an organization to create, view, and change the data anytime and anywhere, with the help of various technologies. It provides employees with an employee-centric portal to enable them to access and modify the information required for their jobs. For example, employees can manage their home address and emergency contacts.   4. List the functions required to select an Infotype. Following are the functions required to select an Infotype:
  • Create/INS
  • Delete
  • Delimit
  • Lock/Unlock
  5. How do you hire a new employee? A new employee is hired with the PA40 transaction code. After that, all the Infotypes are maintained for the employee by using the PA30 transaction code.   6. Name the modules available in SAP R/3 for professional users. The following modules are available in SAP R/3 for professional users:
  • Advanced Planner and Optimizer
  • Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM)
  7. What object does a qualification catalog contain? A qualification catalog consists of two objects: qualification groups and qualifications.   8. What are the goals of SAP initiative? The goals of SAP initiative are given as follows:
  • Providing an easy to learn, use, and customize software.
  • Extending the reach of SAP by bringing more role specific scenarios
  9. What does a profile match-up means? A profile match-up means:
  • Matching the qualification of an applicant with the requirements of a position
  • Matching the profile of an applicant with the requirements of a position
  • Generating the training proposals from a qualification deficit.
  10. Which architecture does the SAP system use? The SAP system uses the three-tier-architecture.   11. What happens when a user accesses a transaction in the SAP R/3 system? When a user accesses a transaction in the SAP R/3 system, the following tasks are performed:
  • Executes a query in Structured Query Language (SQL) from the application level to the database level
  • Transfers data from the relational database to the front end system
  • Converts the data from one consistent state to another
  • Updates the database when data is entered using the transactions
  12. How are business objects maintained in SAP? Business objects are maintained in the Business Object Repository.   Recommended Reading

SAP HR Interview Questions on Business Processes in HCM: Part A- Click Here

  13. How is a business object characterized in SAP? A business object has the following characteristics in SAP:
  • Attributes
  • Methods/Application Programs
  14. What tasks can be performed at the attendee level in the dynamic attendance menu? In the dynamic attendance menu, you can perform the following tasks:
  • Book an attendance
  • Replace an attendance
  15. What is the use of Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI)? The following are the uses of BAPI
  • Provides an interface that integrates third party applications or components with SAP R/3
  • Provides an interface between a business and a method
  16. What are the different processes involved in an appraisal? The different processes involved in an appraisal are as follows:
  • Prepare an appraisal
  • Perform an appraisal
  • Complete an appraisal
  17. What are the functions performed by BAPI? The following functions are performed by BAPI
  • Create objects
  • Display attributes of objects
  • Change attributes of objects
  18. What is the use of Application Link Enabling (ALE)? ALE performs the following functions:
  • Distribute data, master data, and transaction data across different systems
  • Refers to an enterprise structure, which is the combination of centralized and decentralized tasks
  • Provides support for the implementation and operation of distributed SAP applications
  • Exchanges data using Intermediate Documents (IDocs)
  19. What are the main functions of Project IMG? The main functions of Project IMG are given as follows:
  • Create an IMG for each project
  • Maintains project documentation
  • Maintains project management status
  • Maintains cross project documentation
  20. What do you mean by Go Live in SAP? Go Live in SAP
  • Tests whether the system is suitably configured before they go live
  • Tests whether the configuration matches with the client requirement or not
  21. What are the main components of the Customer Relationship Management (CRM) module? The CRM module has the following functions:
  • Capturing customer data across the enterprise in a central database
  • Analyzing the customer data and distribute the results to the contact points where the customer can be contacted
  • Providing solutions that enable companies to effectively manage customer relationships throughout the entire life-cycle
  22. What are the components of Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO)? Following are the components of APO in SAP:
  • Global available to Promise (ATP)
  • Supply Network Planning
  • Supply Chain Cock Pit
  23. What Infotypes are used in Compensation Management? The following Infotypes are used in Compensation Management:
  • Salary Survey Results
  • Planned Compensation
  • Job Evaluation Results
  24. What Infotypes are used in Travel Management? The following Infotypes are used in Travel Management:
  • Actions
  • Organizational Assignment
  • Personal Data
  • Travel Privileges
  • Payroll Status
  25. What are the basic characteristics of the Organization Management module? The Organization Management module has the following characteristics:
  • Uses flow
  • Uses relationships between objects
  • Creates additional characteristics for objects
  26. What are the main components of the compensation management? Compensation management has the following components:
  • Job Pricing
  • Job evaluations
  • Budgeting
  • Compensation administration
  While we are compiling more quality HR Interview Questions from all spectrum of HR, we look forward to hear how you find this blog post. Please feel free to share your thoughts in comment box below. Don't forget to share the articles with your friends and colleagues. wish you a quality reading!

Creative Thinking - the inevitable ingredient of HR! 7 effective ways to enhance it


ways-to-enhance-Creative Thinking

Effective ways to enhance Creative Thinking in HR Professionals

If you ask me, why creative thinking is an inevitable ingredient of HR qualities? I can only say if it is not there, HR fails. HR being an important function of any organization creates, introduces and sustains processes which are vital for the growth of any firm. So if the creator is not creative, chances are its creation will be shredded. If being creative is the best way to take HR to the next level, we should know methods to enhance creativity in us. Here are rapid seven ways that will help an HR to act creatively.

1. Socializing & sharing thoughts 2. Empathy in action 3. Be Imaginative 4. Pragmatism in life 5. Correlation among vivid events 6. Watch Your Ingenious Thoughts 7. Sometimes it is good to be Stupid

1. Socializing & sharing thoughts

Socializing-&-sharing-thoughts-creative thinking

Being HR if we are not mixing around and sharing our thoughts with others then we are curtailing our creativity. Yes, socializing & sharing thoughts boost creativity a lot. Sharing thoughts swings our mood to the directions which were not possible if we are alone. A mix of ample thoughts from different perspectives can lead to the construction of a new set of thoughts for our mind to process on.

Well, it highly depends on an individual’s ability, how to see the things or accept the viewpoints of others. Sometimes, during a conversation with another fellow, we don’t easily go with the flow and argue a lot on a topic. These talks and arguments in the form of thoughts are stored in our sub-conscious mind and reflected back again & again in conscious mind when we think something similar or try to concentrate on some HR issues like employee grievance, recruitment challenges or any personal problem. As thought process deepens, we can find that our problems do have some correlation with those talks and arguments and surprisingly, we see some new ideas popping up in our mind, framed out of those talks and these new ideas are usually solutions to our problems. This is how creative thinking works.

Truly, it depends mostly on the thought process of a person, but creativity does need some raw material to work on. No doubt, socializing and sharing thoughts give the best easily available platform to go ahead.

2. Empathy in Action

creative-thinking empathy

Being HR, we tend to meet people with problems. It is our emphatic capacity to place ourselves in another’s shoe and feel & experience the same pain which other person is facing. Now the question is what has it to do with creativity? Well, driven by empathy, if we are ready to understand and solve other’s problem we can act creatively.

Solving problem with emphatic approach requires great caring and understanding, and our subconscious mind keeps calculating the shortest route to reach the solution. Our thought process moves to higher consciousness state, and we are desperate to look for creative ideas that can make a significant move towards healing the person.

3. Be Imaginative

It is always good to go ahead with an analytical mind to take important decisions in life. But it is also good to blend our analytical thinking with some ‘out of cage’ thinking. Sometimes thinking some things are happening as in fantasy or daydreaming can trigger our mind in a surprising way, and we can find easy answers to impossible appearing problems.

As an HR specialist, we tend to come across diverse personalities in our life. Dealing with all, in the same way, can cause chaos and disturbance among us. We deal with different people differently, so it is better to keep changing the approach with some dreamy or artistic efforts with creative thinking to get the impossible change that is not possible with the normal analytical approach.

4. Pragmatism in Life

Pragmatism means doing things based on concepts and experience rather just mere ideas and thoughts. Yes, it is important to think deeper and act faster. If you are to act on one thing, make sure to plan out things very wisely and then act so. This is what pragmatism is all out. Keeping in mind the ins and outs of action is what being practically mean. We often hear from our dear one, “Man, think practically, is it possible in life?”

The now question is, how being pragmatic in life will enhance creative thinking in us. Being realistic triggers new thoughts that lead to actionable priorities and build creative thinking.

5. Correlation among vivid events

Well, talking about these things in public can trigger some controversies and arguments. But to get the real soup out of this idea, one has to practice it independently with full faith and confidence in it. Correlating few incidents, moments and thoughts can revamp your flashbulb memory- A flashbulb memory is a highly detailed, exceptionally vivid 'snapshot' of the moment and availability heuristic- is a mental shortcut that relies on immediate examples. The rapid assimilation of thoughts can bring out new ideas and creative thinking that you are looking for.

6. Watch Your Ingenious Thoughts

ingenious-thoughts-for-creative thinking

If you wonder what ingenious has to do with our creativity, then you are not alone. Even I didn’t know it. So I referred Oxford Dictionary and got what exactly ingenious means.

Ingenious-thoughts-meaning-creative thinking

The meaning of ingenious amazes me. This word defines the real you. This word substantiates the capacity and attitude to become more creative by embracing your ideas resulting out of several ideas around you. If you are a type of person, who has the tendency to have different ideas or solutions to any problems at any time in your life. You are an ingenious person.

The good news is this quality is found in everyone. Just you don’t focus it creatively. Yeah, sometimes, there is no other option left but being and acting creatively. If you keep a watch on your tentative actions triggered by random ideas, you are already on track to become a more creative thinker. Now you need to keep it up.

7. Sometimes it is good to be Stupid

Ah~ Every time you don’t need to be a wise man. Forget about being a wise man. Nobody is always right and wise. So it is better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt.

That said, sometimes you need not focus on everything around you. At certain times, when you don’t get relevant ideas by putting all your efforts and applying all methods, then it is time to keep your eyes open and mouth shut. Let the subconscious mind keep working until it gets a solution. Loosen your thought process, loosen your action, let mind calm and rest and fall in a meditative state. Hope you will get the solution to that problem, but it is up to you to decide if it is worthy to speak thoughts that can remove all doubt or if it is still better to be stupid.

How do you think creatively? Share your methods in the comment box below.

Incredible facts on Ancient India to rejuvenate your General Knowledge


 

Facts about Ancient India

India History is classified into three broad categories: Ancient, Medieval and Modern.

ANCIENT INDIA

Indus Valley Civilization

ancinet-india-indus-valley-civilization
The development of Indus Valley Civilization is the most important event of ancient Indian history. This civilization wad developed on the banks of river Indus. It extends from Jammu in the north to Ahmednagar in the south, and in various regions of Gujarat. The main sites which have been found in the excavation are Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Lothal in Gujarat, Banwali in Haryana and Ropar in Punjab. Indus Valley Civilization period lies between 3000 BC and 1500 BC. The main cities associated with are Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, and Lothal. The main features of this civilization are the town planning. They had a great building, well-planned roads, cities, and drainage system. Hunting and agriculture were their main sources of livelihood. They were the first to produce cotton.

A. Vedic Period

vedic-period-in-ancinet-india
This is marked by the entry of Aryans, who were originally inhabitants of Central Asia around the Caspian Sea and probably came through Hindukush mountains. The period lies between 2500-2000 BC. The main feature of Aryans was – They were the admirers of nature and worshiped sun, fire, and water. Yagna was an important part of their religion. They had organized a system of living and were quite matured socially and politically. They had following religious books:
1. Vedas
general-knowledge-ancinet-india-vedas These books were their most sacred books. These are the oldest known books of Indus Valley Civilization. They were four in number, viz. Rig Veda- The oldest and contained prayers of God, Vayu, Varun, Indra and Agni Sam Veda- It dealt with music. Yajur Veda- It dealt with formulae and rituals. Atharva Veda- It dealt with medicines.
2. The Purana
puranas-ancinet-india The Puranas were 18 in number and contained details of Aryan Civilization like their rituals, traditions, and formulae.
3. The Upanishads
ancinet-india-upanishads
They are the main source of Indian Philosophy and are 300 in number. The Brahmans and Aranyakas are the other important religious books of Aryans.

B. The Later Vedic Period

This period ranges from 2000-700 BC. The important features of this period are: It is also known as the period of Brahmanical Age which is very near to modern-day, Hindu religion. Society which was in Hindu divided into four castes (a) Brahmins, (b) Kshatriyas, (c) Vaisyas, and (d) Sudras, depending on the work they did in the mentioned order of preference. [caption id="attachment_335" align="alignnone" width="638"]ancient-india-history-gktoday Caste system in India taken from the ancient India | Image Source[/caption] Brahmins were the priestly class, Kshatriyas were the fighter, Vaisyas were the business class, and Sudras represented the labor class. Two great epics and Shastras were written in this period, namely Mahabharata by Ved Vyas and Ramayana by Maharishi Valmiki. The Shastras dealt with Indian philosophy and concepts of birth, death, and God.

C. Rise of religion (other than Hinduism)

Buddhism
ancienet-india-buddhism
Initiated by a Kshatriya prince of Shakya Clan, Siddhartha, (later came to be known as Buddha) around 6th century BC, who was born at Lumbini (in Nepal) near Kapilvastu. He was the son of King Shuddhodhana, He went in search of truth and attained enlightenment under a papal tree at Bodh Gaya, and delivered his first sermons at Sarnath in U.P. He spread his message of many years and died at Kushinagar in U.P. There are many sects of Buddhism out of which three are important: Mahayan (the higher vehicle) – It believes Buddha to be a God Hinman (the lesser Vehicle) – It does not believe that Buddha was a God. It is a more pristine form of Buddhism. Vajrayan- It is the tantric form of Buddhism. Now prevalent in Ladakh and Bhutan. Buddhism got divided into Hinyan and Mahayan at the fourth Buddhist council held during the reign of Harshavardhan. The main Buddhist teachings are: The eight-fold path of right faith, thought, action, livelihood, efforts, speech, remembrance and concentration. Belief in Nirvana (freedom from the cycle of birth and death), Ahimsa, the law of karma.
Jainism
Jainism-ancinet-india Founded by Rishabha (a Kshatriya), Jainism attained peak under Vardhamana Mahavira (the 24th Tirthankara). Mahavira was born was born at Kundagrama in 540 BC in Bihar, and attained perfect knowledge, ‘Kaivalya,' after he becomes ascetic at the age of 30. He became a ‘Jina’ one who has conquered happiness and misery) and died at Pava near Rajgiri. Jainism is also divided into two sects, viz., digambars and shwetambara. Former is a more pristine form and remain naked, while latter, wear white clothes. The main feature of Jainism are: The tri-ratna concept, consisting of (a) right knowledge, (b) right faith, (c) right conduct. Belief in Karma and belief in Ahimsa, are the other two great teachings of this religion. [table id=1 /] Hope you liked the detailed information on ancient India. In the next post, we will discuss medieval India.

A dive into Medieval India - General Knowledge Approach


 

Medieval India

Indian history can be classified into three broad categories, Ancient, Medieval and Modern. In the last post, we discussed Ancient India and Indus valley civilization detail. Now, we are discussing medieval history.

Introduction

Marked by the beginning of Delhi, which was established after the conquest of Muhammad Ghouri. The period of Sultanate of Delhi ranges from AD 1206-1526. This is considered as the beginning of Muslim rule in India. India in this period is called Medieval India.

Important Dynasties in Medieval India

1. The Slave Dynasty
slave-dynasty-medieval-india
The Slave Dynasty’s period ranges from AD 1206-1290. It was founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibek, and the prominent rulers of this dynasty were Iltutmish and the only Muslim woman ruler of India, Razia Sultana.
2. The Khilji dynasty
The Khilji dynasty-medieval-india
It was founded by Jalal-Ud-din Khilji and its period ranges from AD 1290-1320. Alaud-din Khilji was one of the most prominent rulers of this dynasty.
3. The Tughlaq dynasty
medieval-india-The Tughlaq dynasty
It was founded by Ghiasuddin Tughlak and the period ranges from AD 1320-1414. Ibn Batuta was an important African traveler who visited India in 1333.
4. The Lodhi Dynasty
The Lodhi Dynasty-medieval-india
It was founded by Bahlol Lodhi and the period of the dynasty ranges from AD 1451-1526. Sikander and Ibrahim Lodhi were the other two prominent rulers belonging to this dynasty.
5. The Mughal Dynasty
The Mughal Dynasty-medieval-india One of the most important dynasties of India is Mughal dynasty, which reigned almost continuously from AD 1526-1857 (the longest period).

Important Rulers of Mughal Dynasty:

1. Babur
babar-mughal-medieval-india He is credited with the foundation of Mughal empire by defeating Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat on April 20, 1526.
2. Humayun
Humayun
He was the next emperor of Mughal empire after Babur.
3. Akbar
Akbar
The most successful of Mughal emperor. An excellent leader, who separated religion and politics, started a new religion called Din-e-Ilahi.
4. Jehangir
Jehangir
 The son of Akbar, who ascended the throne after Akbar’s death, known for his administration and strict sense of justice. He was the husband of famous Noor Jahan Begum.
5. Shah Jahan
Medieval-India-Shah-Jahan
Famous ruler and son of Jehangir, who built Taj Mahal at Agra, in the memory of his wife, Mumtaj Mahal. Jama Masjid and red Fort are the other two famous buildings that were built by him.
6. Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
A very cruel ruler and son of Shah Jahan, who demolished several religious structures of Hindus, and ruled for about 50 years. Mughal Empire started declining with the attack of Nadir Shah who took the famous Kohinoor diamond with him to Afghanistan. Then came the Marathas who became powerful under the leadership of Shivaji. Name of Fame: Sher Shah Suri [caption id="attachment_353" align="aligncenter" width="210"]Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri | Image Source[/caption] He was a brilliant administrator who issued the coins and built the famous Grand Trunk Road from Peshawar to Calcutta.
Important monuments built by Mughal in Medieval India:
1. Shalimar garden and Nishant Bagh by Jehangir
Nishant Bagh by Jehangir
2. Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Agra Fort by Shah Jahan

Do you know about Modern India? A General Knowledge Approach


As we know, Indian history can be classified into three broad categories. Ancient, Medieval and Modern. We have already discussed Ancient and Medieval India in last few posts. Here, in this post, we will study about Modern India and throw some light on the chain of events happening in ancient India and concluding in modern India.

Modern India

In 1498, a Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama’s discovery of the sea route to India helped in establishing the political structure in India. East India Company of Britain came here with the excuse of trading and soon started developing its political dominion in India and, finally, succeeded in establishing their rule over India.

Important events related to Modern Indian History

1. First war of Independence (Mutiny of Sepoys)
It took place in 1857 when soldiers refused to touch the new rifle cartridges which were said to have been greased with a cover made of animal fat. Mangal Pande was a prominent figure, who surfaced during this mutiny. He killed two Britishers at Barrackbore, and this was also one of the causes of the mutiny.
2. Government of India Act, 1858
This proclaimed the direct governance of British crown over India.
3. Formation of Indian National Congress
A.O.Hume is credited with the formation of Indian National Congress in December 1885, which held its first session at Bombay, under the presidentship of W.C. Banerjee.
4. Partition of Bengal
It took place in 1905.

Other significant events related to Indian Freedom Movement

formation of congress by AO hume-modern-india
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Important Lords and Viceroys associated with British rule and related events

lord_dalhousie-modern-india
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List of Important Historical Events

[caption id="attachment_389" align="aligncenter" width="200"]alexander-modern-india Image Source [/caption] [table id=4 /]

List of important Presidents of Indian National Congress

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Important Newspaper brought out by National Leaders

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Important visitors to India and the Kings whose courts they visited

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Geographical Facts Everyone should know as a part of General Knowledge


Physical Geographical Facts

Geographical facts are derived from common general knowledge on planets, satellites, moon, eclipses, atmosphere, continents, oceans, rocks, etc. We will cover these elements of physical geography in brief here. In next post, we will cover an exclusive section on geographical facts of India. To explore more general knowledge resources click here.

Planets

The revolving bodies around the Sun are called planets. There are eight known planets. [caption id="attachment_418" align="aligncenter" width="2020"]Planets-geographical-facts Diameter of planets | Image Source [/caption] 1. Mercury Closest to the Sun and is the fastest planet to revolve around the Sun 2. Venus Brightest planet after the Sun and the Moon and is the hottest planet in all 3. Earth is only known planet to possess life 4. Mars Known as the red planet. Explored for life astronomers now, as it is having similarities with Earth. 5. Jupiter The largest planet of the solar system. 6. Saturn System of rings are the characteristics feature of this planet 7. Uranus 8. Neptune 9. Pluto – The international Astronomical Union (IAU) downgraded the status of Pluto to that of a dwarf planet because it did not meet the three criteria the IAU uses to define a full-sized planet. Essentially Pluto meets all the criteria except one i.e. it has not cleared its neighboring region of other objects.”

Comets

These are essential bodies that move around the Sun. Two famous comets known, are as follow [caption id="attachment_419" align="aligncenter" width="1920"]comets-geographical-facts Halley's Comet | Image Source [/caption] 1. Halley’s Comet: Discovered by British astronomer Edmond Halley, takes 76.1 years to encircle the Sun. It was last seen on February 9, 1986. 2. Smith-Tuttle Comet: It’s huge comet heading on a collision course with Earth on August 17, 2116.

Satellites

These are the bodies which revolve around the planets. Mercury and Venus have no satellite. Earth has only one satellite (natural), i.e. Moon. Jupiter has the maximum number (63) of satellites. [caption id="attachment_420" align="aligncenter" width="1765"]moon-geographical-facts-satellite Moon | Click Here For Interesting Facts [/caption] Moon: The first planet of our solar system visited by man. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first to set foot on the Moon, and between them, Neil Armstrong is the first person to have set foot on the Moon.

Earth

Its shape is oblate spheroid called Geoid, like a ball which is flattened at the poles. earth-geographical-facts Interesting Facts about Earth: 1. Mean distance from the Sun: 1,49,407,000 Km. 2. Time taken by Earth to revolve around the Sun: 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.51 seconds. 3. Time taken by Earth for rotating on its own axis: 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.09 seconds. 4. Earth is covered 70% by water and 30% by land.

Movements of Earth

earth-movement-geographical-facts 1. Revolution: The earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. One complete revolution is called a year and this revolution of Earth causes the change of seasons. 2. Rotation: Earth rotates on its own imaginary axis, also simultaneously revolving around the Sun. It moves from west to east. This causes day and night. 3. Duration of days and night is equal at the equator.

Eclipses

Solar Eclipse

It occurs when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth, and this causes hindrance in Sun’s light when reviewed from the Earth. [caption id="attachment_424" align="aligncenter" width="1920"]lunar-eclipse-from-space-geographical-facts A view of lunar eclipse from space[/caption]

Lunar Eclipse

When the Earth comes between the Moon and the Sun, the shadow cast by the Earth on the Moon causes the lunar eclipse.

Atmosphere

The Earth is surrounded by a gaseous cover called the atmosphere. There are many gasses in the atmosphere like Oxygen, Nitrogen, Caron Dioxide, Helium, Argon, Xenon, etc. The maximum percentage of gas present in the atmosphere is Nitrogen and that comprises 77%. The atmosphere is divided mainly into four layers. The atmosphere is divided mainly into four layers-geographical-facts

  1. Troposphere: It is the nearest layer to the Earth’s surface and is up to 15 km of height from the Earth’s surface. 2. Stratosphere: From the end of 15 km of the troposphere, the stratosphere is present till 50 km of the atmosphere. 3. Mesosphere: It lies between 50 km and 80 km above the surface of the Earth. 4. Ionosphere: It lies above the mesosphere and extends from 80 km to 400 km above the Earth’s surface. Radio communication takes place because of this layer.

Ozone Layer

The ozone layer is situated in the stratosphere belt of earth’s atmosphere. The basic Ozone gas structure consists of three oxygen atoms. Ozone gas is present in the stratosphere in the form of a layer, which extends from 12 km to 30 km above the earth’s surface. The main function of Ozone is that it protects mankind from harmful radiations which come from the outer space i.e. ultraviolet radiations (UV-radiations) from the Sun. Nowadays this ozone layer is getting depleted which can cause skin cancer and damage vegetation. The main reason behind the depletion of Ozone layer also called Ozone Hole is pollution and pollutants present in the atmosphere like Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s also known as Freons), which comes from refrigerated systems, aerosols, air conditioners and solvents. To minimize the Ozone layer depletion the governments of many countries are now replacing the CFC’s with simple hydrocarbons.

Continents

The surface of the Earth is made up of big land masses which are divided into seven continents. The seven continents of the world are as follows: the-seven-continents-of-world-geographical-facts 1. Asia – The largest continent (covers approximately 30% of the world land and hosts 59 percent of the world population. 2. Africa – The largest desert Sahara is there. 3. North America 4. South America 5. Antarctica – covered with ice 6. Europe 7. Oceania (Australia) – The smallest continent and the only continent with capital i.e., Canberra Antarctica and Oceania are islands continents.

Oceans

There are five oceans on the Earth Geographical Facts - Oceans of world (1) Pacific Ocean (2) Atlantic Ocean (3) India Ocean (4) Arctic Ocean (5) Antarctic Ocean Pacific being the largest occupies 35.25% of the Earth’s surface. The South China Sea has the maximum area among all the seas of the world.

Rocks

These form the crust of the Earth. Basically, rocks are mineral material. They are classified into three broad categories. 1. Igneous rocks – It constitutes 90% of the Earth’s crust. 2. Metamorphic rocks – Original igneous or sedimentary rocks when subject to change due to pressure or temperature, and metamorphose into metamorphic rocks, i.e. slate, marble, etc. 3. Sedimentary rocks - As the name suggests, these rocks are formed from the sedimentary deposits on the ocean beds, i.e. gypsum, limestone, etc.

Important Mountain Ranges and Mountain peaks of the World

(i) Mountain Ranges
[table id=8 /]
(ii) Mountain Peaks
[table id=9 /] Interesting Fact: Everest is the highest mountain peak of the world, situated in Nepal and extended to Tibet and K2 is India's highest mountain peak, but it is situated in POK. Therefore, Kanchenjunga is the highest peak within India.

Important Water Sources of the World

(i) natural Lakes
[table id=10 /]
(ii) Shipping Canals
  1. Panama Canal: It links the pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. It is located in Central America and is 58 km long.
  2. Suez Canal: It links the red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It is in Egypt and is 169 km long.
  3. Kiel Canal: It lies between Baltic Sea and the North Sea ports. It is in Germany and is 98 km long.
Note: Angel Waterfall which is in Venezuela, is the highest waterfall in the world having a height of 979 meters.
(iii) Important Rivers of the world
[table id=11 /]

New names of certain cities and countries

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Important world cities on river banks

[table id=13 /] Hope you enjoyed reading this section. You can also read more General Knowledge resources and about the history of India here.

How much do you know about Constitution of India? Check your GK


 

The Constitution of India

Constitution of India was framed by the Drafting Committee which was appointed by the Constitution Assembly. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. The Constitution Assembly adopted the Constitution of November 26, 1949. On January 26, 1950, India became a republic as the Constitution came into force. Originally, there were eight Schedules and 39 Articles. There are four major parts of the Constitution of India at present. 1. The Preamble 2. Parts I to XXII having over 400 articles. 3. Twelve Schedules 4. Appendix The Preamble: Through forty-second amendment, words secular and socialist are added into the Preamble.

Important features of the Indian constitution, borrowed from outside sources.

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Important Articles in Indian Constitution and their areas of focus

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Fundamental Rights

Initially, these were six in number, but now with the inclusion of the right to the education, they are seven in number. These are as follows 1. Right to Equality 2. Right to Freedom 3. Right against Exploitation 4. Cultural and Educational Rights 5. Right to Freedom of Religion 6. Right to Constitutional Remedies 7. Right to Education Note: It was the right to property which earlier used to be the fundamental right, and has now been converted into legal right by the forty-fourth-amendment in the constitution in 1978. Directive Principles of state policy: They come under the Part IV of the constitution. They are basically instructions to the government to carry out certain responsibilities. They cannot be enforced in any court of law.

Structure of the Union Government

President

He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of government and the Supreme Commander of the arm forces. He is also the first citizen of India. Election by an electoral college consisting of the elected member of state Legislatures and both the Houses of the Parliament for a period of five years. He can be removed from the office for violating the constitution by impeachment under Article 61. He is responsible for appointing the senior officials including the Prime Minister.

Vice President

Elected by members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both the Houses of the Parliament. He is elected for a tenure of five years. He is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He is the person who works in place of President, in the case of death, resignation, or when is unable to discharge his functions due to any reason.

President of India

1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India and the longest serving President of India who served for 12 years. 2. At present Pranab Mukherjee is the President of India. He is the 13th President of India.

Vice President of India

1. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and also the longest serving Vice President, who served for 10 years. He was also a well- known philosopher. At present Mohammad Hamid Ansari is the Vice President of India.

Prime Minister

Appointed by President, he is head of the council of ministers and is the leader of the ruling party which is in majority in the Lok Sabha. He is appointed for 5 years. At present, Narendra Modi is Prime Minister of India.

The Parliament

It consists of two houses (a) Lok Sabha and (b) Rajya Sabha

Lok Sabha

Also known as the Lower House of the Parliament, consist of people directly elected by the constituencies in various States and Union Territories. It consists of 552 members, in which two from the Anglo-Indian Community, nominated by the President and 530 from the states and 20 from the Union Territories. The presiding officer of Lok Sabha is the speaker, who is elected by members of Lok sabha. At present, Sumitra Mahajan Is the speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Rajya Sabha

Known as the Upper House. It is chaired by the Vice President (Ex-officio). Rajya Sabha cannot be diluted, therefore, it is a permanent body. One-third of its members retire every two years. A total of 250 members is present in the Rajya Sabha, out of which 12 members are nominated by President and 238 members come through the elections from the states and the Union Territory. Both, the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, are the grounds for debating, passing the bills, constitutional amendments and other issues pertinent to the welfare of the nation.

Bills

Except for the money bills (ordinary) can be in traduced in either House of the Parliament. They are, if needed, amended and then passed by either House, before becoming an act. The money bill originates in the Lok Sabha only.

Supreme Court

This is the Apex Judicial body in India, based in Delhi, consists of 25 judges and the Chief Justice, who is appointed by the President. The Judges of the Supreme Court retire at the age of 65. The main functions include solving disputes between the States and Union Governments, hearing of appeals from various High Courts and any matter pertaining to the law for its opinion. The first Chief Justice of India was H. J. Kania. At present, Jagdish Singh Khehar is the chief Justice of India.

Other Important Officials

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)

Appointed by the President, he is responsible for keeping an eye over the finances of the States and the Union, and to make sure that the money allocated by the voting of the Legislature is spent in a fair and judicious manner. At present, Shashi Kant Sharma is the CAG of India.

The Attorney General of India

It is appointed by the President, can take part in the proceedings of the Parliament and its committees but do not have the right to vote. Mainly responsible for giving expert legal advice to the Government of India and other legal tasks assigned to him. At present, Mukul Rohatgi is the Attorney General of India.

Governor

He is the executive head of the state and is appointed by the President for five years and can hold the office with the President’s consent. The main functions of the Governor are as follows: a. Being the executive head of state he is responsible for appointing the council of ministers. b. He is responsible for causing the normal or supplementary budgets to be presented each year. He can sanction advances to the government out of the contingency fund of the state to meet unexpected expenses of the state. c. He is responsible for giving assent to the bills passed by the State Legislative, without which they cannot become an act.

Chief Minister

The real executive authority of the state administration, he is the leader of the party that commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly and is appointed by the Governor on this basis. He recommends the names of the ministers along with their portfolios to the Governor who then appoints them; He formulates the administrative and executive policies of the state and presides over the cabinet meetings.

Table of Schedules and Their Areas of Concern

[table id=14 /] Note: Originally there were eight schedules. Later, four more schedules were added to it, taking the total tally of schedules to twelve.

Table of Important Constitutional Amendments

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Few important cases and Supreme Court's judgment on them

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Why training so often fails and how to help employees get the best from a training program


 

Agenda of a Training Program

Before starting any training program the agenda should be clear why it is being conducted for. In general, management conduct a SKILL training program to impart following in employees 1. To increase effective communication 2. To make them emotionally strong and intelligent communicator 3. To grow them as a savvier negotiator 4. To handle and deliver bad news more compassionately and effectively 5. To build sophisticated cross-cultural communicators 6. To build better coaches The success and failure of a training program depend on how trainees have learned and performed during real conditions and challenges. A successful training should give an obvious solution to a real problem which should be fruitful and within a frame of time. But if it is not so, then a training seems to fail. And we find it so often fails. It is important that we should identify reasons that make a training program fail. Getting rid of short comes we can easily make a training program successful. How should star employees be recognized and rewarded?

This is why training so often fails

1. Low-quality training structure

In preparing the training structure and content the facilitator should consider the following: What they intend to do: -> goals and objectives How are they going to do it: -> content, methods and materials How will they know if they have succeeded: -> monitoring and evaluation

2. Poor implementation and run

Go for quality first and price second, not the other way around It is often seen that long-term benefits of quality are sacrificed for the short term benefits of the price. It is vital to balance the long-term value of what you get versus the price you pay. Check if return on training investment (ROI) is coming and continuously hunt for flaws and fix them The management team should always check if they are getting back ROI on training. They should also learn from previous mistakes and fix the flaws for a better and smooth run of a training program. Besides, other factors should be taken care of are trainer's qualification, its caliber and productivity, budget allocation and role and responsibilities of facilitator, custodian, and trainer.

3. Psychological Safe Training Settings

Psychological safe training settings are conditions and circumstances where trainees can freely experiment with behavior, often without pressure and negative consequences of a mistake. They often receive immediate supportive feedback and are praised in their efforts to learn. In real practices, the atmosphere isn’t as easy and forgiving. Seniors don’t necessarily show same forgiveness nor have the same depth of patience in a real world as they do in a training environment. The stakes and consequences are typically higher.
In training it is all about learning and developing skills, whereas in real job it is all about performance and delivering results.
This is a reason that in situations such as these, employees find themselves uncomfortable and anxious. They make effort to release out their stress and tend to forget what they learned in training and fall back on their previously established habits in their comfort zone. They fail to adapt and react to new situation and challenges while applying the new skills they learned in training. It increases stress and tension between management and employees relationships.

Help Employees get the best from training

A low-quality training structure and its poor run are responsible for training failure. HR along with management should carefully watch out the entire training program, its each inventory including trainer background, schedule, training synopsis, and outline, test, and evaluation method, and criteria, etc. In many of training programs, there is often a significant gap between the rhetoric for what we hope to achieve and the reality of what we can possibly achieve given what we provide employees during the training. Having a high-quality training structure and better implementation and run of training can shorten this gap and improve employee-employer relationships and hence productivity. Now if we talk about psychological training settings and its management, it is more inclined to emotional rather practical or theoretical factors.  A gap between set expectation and real performance can be minimized if employees are given right feedback and suggestions during training. As it is about emotional management and the way how it is controlled during real exposure at work, especially by manager and supervisors determine the consequences and significance of overall training program. In nutshell, having a clear, high-quality training structure and its perfect run is the key success point of any training while psychological and emotional factors are secondary but important factors of a training program. According to you, what is most important factor for the success of a training program? Share your opinion in comment box.

Geographical facts of India to boost your general knowledge


Geography of India

This post on geographical facts of India is a part of basic geographical facts which can increase your general knowledge and help in competitive exams as well. With no further ado, here we go

India's Geographical Location

India lies in the Asian continent and Northern Hemisphere between parallels of latitude 80 4’ and 370 6’ North and between the meridians of longitude 6807’ and 97025’ East. In the west, India shares its boundary with Pakistan In the South, Sri Lanka is India’s neighboring country In the north, Nepal and China are the neighboring countries. In the east, Bangladesh and Myanmar are the two major countries which surround India. In south-east of India, there is the Bay of Bengal, in south-west, it is the Arabian Sea and in South, it is the Indian Ocean and in the north, it is surrounded by the Himalayan range of mountains.
Important dimensions of India
1. India covers 2.4 percent of the Earth’s surface. 2. Total land area of India is 32,87,263 sq.km 3. Distance from east to west is 2,933 km 4. Distance from north to south is 3,214 km 5. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km. The coastline of the only mainland is about 6300 km

The important Geographical Structures of India

Major rivers of India

The longest Indian river is Ganga, its length is 2,640 km. The other major rivers of India are Indus (has five major tributaries: Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Beas), Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, Tapti, Cauvery, Damodar, Mahanadi, and Periyar. The world’s largest delta is Sundarbans in West Bengal, is made by the Brahmaputra and the Ganga.

Mountains

They are Himalayas (highest mountains in the world and one of the youngest mountain ranges), Vindhya, Satpura, Sahyadri, Aravallis (one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world). Patkai (Purvanchal or Eastern mountains), and the Eastern Ghats.

Soil

The following table shows various types soils and related information [table id=19 /]

Agriculture

Agriculture in India: More than 50 percent of the area of the country is under the cultivation and about 64% of the Indian population is engaged in agriculture. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz, Rabi and Kharif
Rabi
It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. Major crops are barley, wheat, peas, gram, and mustard.
Kharif
It is sown in June, or July and harvested in September or October. Major crops are baja, cotton, jowar, rice and jute. Some interesting facts about Indian agriculture 1. Green Revolution was launched in India in 1967-68 for improving agricultural productivity. 2. Operation Flood was initiated in 1970 and mainly aimed at improving the milk production in India. 3. Yellow Revolution for improving oil seed production. 4. Blue Revolution for fisheries.

Forests

India has about 2% of the world’s area under forest cover. About 21% India is covered by forest. The target as per the national forest policy is to cover 33% of the area by forests. Important National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries: [table id=20 /] How'd you like this post, please share your thoughts in comments.

Gratuity Act & Calculation everyone should know


Gratuity Act-meaning-eligibility-taxation

Gratuity Act, Meaning, Rules, Eligibility, Calculation & Tax in India


Here in this post, we will discuss Gratuity Act, meaning, its eligibility and how to calculate gratuity and gratuity calculator that every employee should know and enjoy. But before going ahead, let me know you if you have completed 4.5 years in this same organization and are in notice period?
If yes, then I think this post means a lot to you. Please read it mindfully and then rethink your decision.
Very often you get calls from recruitment cell and direct emails to your inbox. Sometimes you ignore, sometimes you entertain them. And at few times, if you are interested, you have your interviews and get selected and finally, join a new company. This process continues, and you keep practicing job hoping and keep changing your employer year after year.
There would be hundreds of valid reasons when you change your job. One such dominating reason is money. But it is worth to give a check to your number of terms with the present organization before making a final move. Sometimes, you might not know and lose a good sum of money, if you could have stayed a few months more in your previous organization.
So the bitter truth, which I guess will shock you, is that switching jobs year after year is neither good for your reputation in industry nor for your pocket.
Yes, we are talking about gratuity. A time-bound, universal benefit given by every employer to its every employee in every organization governed by gratuity act, provided that employee fulfills the required terms and condition. And at the same time, it is very important for you that you should know about gratuity and how gratuity calculator works. It is your right to know what treasure gratuity has inside it.
Well, before we head to gratuity calculator and how to calculate gratuity, let’s first know in brief about gratuity and benefits it holds for you.

Gratuity Meaning

What-is-gratuity
Gratuity (meaning in Hindi is उपहार) is the part of the salary that is received by an employee from his/her employer in gratitude for the services offered by the employee in the company. Gratuity is a defined benefit plan and is one of the many retirement benefits offered by the employer to the employee upon leaving his job for various reasons, such as – retirement/superannuation, for a better job elsewhere, on being retrenched or by way of voluntary retirement.

Gratuity Act & its applicability

Earlier, it was not compulsory for an employer to reward his employee at the time of his retirement or resignation. But in 1972 the government passed The Payment of Gratuity Act that made it mandatory for employers with more than 10 employees to pay gratuity.
A shop or establishment to which the Act has become application shall continue to be governed by the Act even if the number of person employed falls below 10 at any subsequent stage.
Trainees and interns are not eligible for this compensation.

Gratuity Eligibility

Gratuity shall be payable to employees:- On his resignation and retirement On his death On his superannuation After he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years Note: However, the condition of five years of continuous service is not necessary if service is terminated due to death or disablement. If an employee with more than five years of experience in a company is terminated due to misconduct followed by legal action on him then he is no more eligible for gratuity.

Calculation of Gratuity: Gratuity Calculator

[caption id="attachment_218" align="alignnone" width="1920"]gratuity-calculator Gratuity is one of the least understood components of salary[/caption] [caption id="attachment_219" align="alignnone" width="823"]gratuit formula Formula to calculate gratuity[/caption]
Gratuity=Last Basic+ DA*15/26*No. of years

Gratuity in India

After 5 years of completion, six months or less to be ignored and more than six months to be counted as a full year.
For 5 year 1 month to 5 months, takes 5 years
For 5 year 6 month to 11 months, takes 6 years
Below we have illustrated it further with an example:
Date of joining of X is 01. 12.2002 Date of Resignation of X is 31.12.2008 Total wages of X is Rs. 5000.00 (Basic Rs.2500.00, DA is Rs.1250.00, HR is Rs. 750.00, CA is Rs.500.00) The number of years Eligible for Gratuity: Date of Relieving: 31.02. 2008 Date of Joining: 01.12.2002 So total number of working years is 5 year Hence, Eligible Gratuity Amount (Basic+DA/26) *15 days wages per year *No.of the year completed 2500+1250*15*5/26
Now Let's use the gratuity calculator below, and calculate the exact amount that employee will get. You can also use Microsoft Excel for handy calculation.
Hope, you got the calculation :)
More Information on Gratuity
Nomination from F needs to be filled by the employee at the time of joining.

Tax on Gratuity & Exemption as per IT Act

Any gratuity received by an employee of the Central Government, State Government or local authority, on death or retirement is fully exempt from tax.
The payable non taxable amount of Gratuity is as per the calculation or Rs.20,00,000 whichever is less.
Looking for more information and facts? Refer to below links.
Hope you found this article knowledgeable. Don't forget to share it with your other friends and colleagues. Speak your mind in the comment box below.

Getting Familiar with Payroll & Salary - Process and Calculations


Payroll Processing Basics

payroll-processing

What is Payroll?

In general terms, payroll is a list of employees working in a company eligible for salary. (ref) In this list against each employee name, a record of its salary, wage, bonus and tax information are maintained. The department in a company working on calculations and payment of salary and wage is commonly called payroll department. Payroll term is also widely used to refer to: the total amount of money that a company pays to its employees. You might have often heard the words ‘salary’ and ‘payroll’ alternatively from many people while asking salary to someone. Like, “May I know what is your payroll?’ or “Hey, what is your salary?” Though these words represent same intent and people respond with amount they get monthly but here is

Difference between Salary and Payroll

difference-salary-payroll
Salary is fixed amount of money paid to employee whereas, payroll a list of employees who receive the salary (ref).

What is Payroll in Human Resources?

Payroll in HR is a process by which workers get a monthly payment. It involves preparing salary and producing salary slip with mention of all payables, deductions, and reimbursements. Payroll department looks after this process. It takes care of record keeping, pay data verification, tax depositing and reporting along with releasing salary of employees per month. (ref)

What is Payroll Management System?

As per Dolphin Technologies - 'The Payroll Management System deals with the financial aspects of employee's salary, allowances, deductions, gross pay, net pay etc. and generation of pay-slips for a specific period. The outstanding benefit of Payroll Management System is its easy implementation.'

What is Process of Payroll?

Payroll Processing is processing the salary of the employees and process involved is:- >Joining Formalities >Updating Employee Database >Processing salary slip with regard to designing the break-up of salary and considering the deduction like leave, salary advance, travel and other statutory. >To take care of deductions through the data of leave availed as per attendance and pending salary and travel advance. >While processing salary slips care should be taken to delete the resigned employees, name, add new employees name and calculate pro-rate or proportionate gross salary depending upon a number of days worked in that particular month.

Payroll Example

  • (For e.g., June salary is being processed and an employee has joined on 11th June. His gross salary Rs. 6000/-pm the number of days worked in June is only 20 days i.e. from 11th June to 30th June [Any month in the year 30 days should be considered for salary processing], and on 10/07 i.e., salary date his gross is only 4000/- i.e., from next month i.e., from July that employee will get Rs. 6000/-
>Again while processing June salary increments or any reimbursement should be considered.
  • (Increments usually depends upon management i.e., yearly once and the amount of increment is decided based on the performance of the employees and most important is treat given from that employee).
  • (Reimbursement means conveyance reimbursement, travel reimbursement, telephone or any other amount spent by the employee for official purpose but against approval from Accounts or HR manager).
>Further in this June salary arrears if any of the previous months should be added to the gross [Arrears means increment will be summed to June month which he was eligible from April. So assume increment amount decided was Rs. 1000/pm, then arrears is Rs. 3000/- from April to June. o For e.g., July salary after increment is Rs. 7000/- o July Salary 7000 o Arrears from April to June 3000 o Deduction XXX o Net Salary XXX Again while processing next month salary in this pays lip arrears should be removed and only gross of Rs. 7000/- will be processed. Net salary means Gross minus (-) deductions. Gross salary is the amount an employee receives as a salary, before any deductions. After processing salary slips, a summary of all the pay slips would be prepared.

Things to double check while Payroll Processing

>Taking care of employee database regard to their date of appointment, address, telephone numbers, references, employee department/code number, PF number, ESI number, performance parameters and incremental due date. >Monitoring employees leave eligibility; leave availed, leave availability and deductions wherever necessary. >Taking care of employee’s corporate salary accounts with regard to filling account opening forms, along with PF, ESI, and employment registration forms. >Preparation of pay slips of with regard to designing break-up of gross salary and taking care of statutory deductions such as PF, ESI, PT, TDS, and other viz leave deductions etc. along with the conveyance and travel claims and salary disbursements. >Preparation of summary for all the pay slips. >Monitoring PF, ESI, PT remittances, filling, etc. >Routine tax planning for salaried personnel.

How to Calculate Salary/Payroll

As we know salary is an individual amount that an employee gets through payment. While Payroll is total amount that an organization pays to employees. Before understanding calculation, we have to understand salary structure Breakup. There are some components in salary which are taxable, hence are deducted while calculating payroll.

Salary Structure Breakup

Before landing any company's salary breakup we should know that Each company may have its own salary structure consisting of various payroll components that may be unique to that company only. Also, many location specific laws such as Labor Welfare Act, Payment of salary and wages act, and the Minimum Wagess Act affect the payroll calculations. Under minimum wages act, the employees need to be given some mandatory salary components such as Basic, DA, and HRA. Here is a sample of salary breakup or more specifically we call payroll components PARTICULARS ---------------------------------------------------------------- (A) Monthly Allowances a. Basic : b.HRA c. Conveyance Allowance d. Child Education All. e. Other (B) Annual Benefits a. LTA b. Medical Reimbursement c. Family (C) Variable Salary a. Performance Linked Incentive: b. Bonus (D) Retiral Benefit a. PF : b. Superannuation : c. Gratuity : (E) Other Prerequisite (Equivalent Amount in Rs) Mediclaim Insurance: a. Coverage Amount (……………………………....) b. Premium Amount :----------------- Personal Accident Insurance c. Coverage Amount (……………………………....) d. Premium Amount:----------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------

How benefits and deductions affect payroll calculation

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a mandatory part of Deduction from Salary under Section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, if the salary is more than maximum amount exempt from tax. Few of the salary components that impact TDS deduction are [caption id="attachment_526" align="alignnone" width="1324"]Tax-Payroll Click image to enlarge[caption] If you liked this post, please share with your friends. Share your thoughts in comment box below.  

Proven Practices to Attract and Retain Top Talent in Your Company


A competitive and progressive organization fully understands the value of its workers — particularly its best performers. They are the movers and shakers that do more than what’s expected of them and are committed to securing great results for the advantage of the company. They are the bright future of the organization. The impressive performance of these special personalities generates a lot of buzz not only within the organization but also across the operations of competitors. When a company does exceptionally well, other industry players are automatically alerted and they get the scoop on the key personalities’ success. Their brains start scheming for ways that they too can achieve the same success. Sad to say, in such cases, instead of developing their own formula for success, companies often just choose to pirate an important variable in the more successful player’s formula. They offer a bigger salary and other irresistible incentives to a top talent that belongs to that leading organization so that he’ll be swayed to jump ship and swim toward theirs. Such a tactic is common in all industries, which is why smart companies employ various strategies to prevent their valuable top talents from getting pirated. If your organization is thriving due to the solid contribution of your in-house talents, it’s imperative to implement proven effective strategies or practices for retaining your best performers and attracting new ones. In doing so, you can maintain the momentum of your company’s success and secure its future. A top recruitment agency in Abu Dhabi rounds these practices up in the list below.

Invest in expanding the talents and skills of your top performers

When you provide top talents opportunities for further growth, it doesn’t only indicate the company’s desire for further success; it also shows the organization’s increasing faith that these people can become more than they are. This can create the feeling of security that everybody seeks.

Provide thoughtful rewards and incentives

Incentives and rewards say, “You did very well, we appreciate your effort and you deserve to be honored.” When top talents know that their hard work and sacrifices are recognized and greatly valued, many of them cease to consider the idea of exploring opportunities outside of the company they already serve. It’s also worth mentioning that it can further motivate your best performers to consistently work hard and raise the quality of their output. Likewise, when your company becomes known for presenting thoughtful rewards and incentives, you get a powerful marketing tactic. You will attract more competitive talents that are looking for an organization to work for that is focused on superior performance.

Improve the work environment

Take a cue from Google, which has made coming to work a treat for its employees. Making changes to the work environment can impact work culture and make it more conducive for higher productivity. Demonstrate your company’s concern towards he well-being of your workforce by beautifying spaces (perhaps even adding a game room or fitness center where people can have fun and recharge their energy during their break time), purchasing ergonomic chairs, and getting rid of work cubicles to encourage collaborative work for higher quality output.

Provide nutritious lunches and a well-stocked pantry

This is another effective tactic in keeping top performers “at home.” You need to support their process by getting rid of potential distractions or time-consumers. If top performers’ meals are provided, it helps maintain their work routine since they don’t have to think about it anymore. They’ll appreciate this because preparing food or even going out to buy their lunch can take time and attention away from the work they need to accomplish.

Include them in important company decisions

It’s always a privilege for employees to be able to share their sentiments and suggestions in important forums that will determine the path of the organization. According to UAE recruitment agencies, when you involve employees in decision-making, it will cement not only their idea that the company cares about them but also the fact that the company has reliable plans to secure their future. All of these practices are focused on making workers feel appreciated. There’s no beating this formula in making people feel content where they are even if there are temptations all around. Treat your top performers well and they will give your company not only their best work but their loyalty as well. AUTHOR BIO ROBERT MURRAY A passionate recruiter with more than 12 years in the executive search industry, Robbert Murray heads Robbert Murray & Associates as an international headhunter and business partner in the MENA region, specializing in the FMCG, retail, telecom and engineering sectors. He has been featured in the Gulf 2020 CEO Report, ZAWYA BusinessPulse and Eniday, speaking about changing trends in the recruitment industry, upcoming jobs in energy, oil and gas by 2020-2025, and how Robbert Murray & Associates is focusing and growing in the MENA region.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

10 thoughts on evolving Workforce Management, HR, and Payroll Software Markets




Every business organization has an access to certain defined resources. The ones that reach the pinnacles of success are those who can make efficient use of these resources. Workforce management and Human Resources is an important part of every organization that aims to bring out the best in every employee. With the help of modern technologies like cloud based systems, analysis of employee performance, staff scheduling and other innumerable tasks can now be done easily.

There are organizations that handle multi location retail vendors these days. Integrating specialist workforce management tools and having the best processes and APIs can make a lot happen. Let us have a look at these 10 thoughts on Workforce management, Human resources and Payroll software, that can be involved in the evolution of these markets.

1.  Cloud Based Systems 


Nowadays, Payroll systems and employee management tools are used by Human Resources to gauge the credibility of the employees and their contributions to the system. Organisations are dependent on their employees to offer solutions to the problems that are faced. As they are the main resources to be nurtured by any firm.

2.  Artificial Intelligence


 Another boon of the twenty-first century, this technique can be used to predict employee expectations and curtail the tasks to be carried out by the Human Resources in shaping the skills and knowledge of the employees.

3.  Employing Self-Service Technologies 


Nowadays the world has become fast, virtual and versatile. Services are available all around the clock that includes banking, online shopping and others. The most effective organizations should empower their employees by giving access to manage thing like shifts, availabilities and others. Cloud based systems can help in keeping direct communication to the employee through web portals. These factors help streamline the processes.


4.  Infractions should be treated evenly 


Most organizations have regulations that determine the time when employees should show up or take breaks. The work hours are fixed for each employee. But often, these are not evenly managed by the team leaders or managers. Thus, tools that would keep a count of these infractions can give valuable input regarding employee involvement.


5.  Ease in achieving compliance 


 Since the development of the company depends a lot on the input of the employee; failure to comply with some regulatory mandates often leads to serious consequences. Learning alerts, simple automated rules and the proper audits are a great way to comply with the employee.

6.  Transparent Payroll Policy 


 Misunderstanding the payroll policy can be a serious setback for both the employee and the organization. A transparent payroll policy can sort out lot of issues like underpaid taxes and employee misconceptions.

7.  Employee Input in the Payroll System 


The policy of transparency is not always enough to make the employees understand the details of payment processing. Thus employee inputs taken from staff meetings can give a lot of data related to employee expectations. Data analytics and regression models can be used to chalk out the relation between employee payments, their expectations, and performance.

8.  Flexible workforce solutions are a key today 


Often the workforce management developed for a prior scenario can be oppressive for the new employees, even if it was efficient and acceptable during its inception. Artificial intelligence and Machine learning systems can come in handy to map the change in employee expectations and extrapolate to produce a well-defined solution.

9.  Increased interaction 


Increasing employee interaction helps in achieving better performance. Constantly engaging your employees has been one of the best-known solutions to boost workforce management. Integrating global systems having an interface for integrated talent and learning applications has myriad benefits.

10.  Changing the age old standards of 9 to 5 jobs 


The 9 to 5 eight-hour work-days were probably introduced during the Industrial Revolution. It should not be considered as 'working time' any longer. Employees now take calls during commutes, check and respond to emails before bed and at other times when they are not at the office. All of these should be considered before working out a working time. Tools integrated into the systems should account for such time as well.

These are some thoughts on the evolution of Workforce Management, Human Resources and Payroll Software markets which might play an important role in the near future.


Author Name : Utsav Upadhyay

Author Email : utsav@softwaresuggest.com

Author Bio : I am  currently advising clients how to create and manage effective advertising campaigns in accordance with the principles of Inbound Marketing. I offer Inbound Marketing auditing services, which are a great way of determining what your company’s strong and weak points are. I also provide Inbound Marketing training and consultation sessions via callhippo Marketing Sessions. In Free time I research about Payroll and HR management services.



Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Are you new to Digital Marketing? These are the basic elements of digital marketing that you can’t ignore

As soon as the term digital marketing comes in our mind, we think of integration of some complex technical works, which can elevate our business online. But how it works, what are its basic elements; is quite confusing. Digital marketing can be a cash cow for business provided we nurture it with essential elements.


An overview of digital marketing strategy 

Like any marketing essentials, digital marketing has its core in search engine marketing. Search engines are used by all online buyers to search for any product or service. Thus, our strong presence in search engine results page can make a deep impact on online business.

To get started with Search Engine Marketing, one should know basic elements that cause listing and ranking of our sites in search engines. These are Search Engine Optimization (SEO), Social Media Optimization (SMO) and Pay Per Click (PPC) or AdWords.

Pay Per Click includes ads on Google, Yahoo and Bing. Google AdWords is most famous PPC service in which advertiser is charged for each ad clicked. PPC is an easy and instant source to generate huge web search traffic. However, it is becoming more costly and competitive day by day due to high traffic on the web. Thus, one should choose it wisely after analyzing budget and targeting specific market segment.

Another element that can never be ignored in digital marketing is Search Engine Optimization, which is a natural or organic approach to making a site the most preferable for search engines. Search engines regularly monitor the site for its honesty, good content, clear navigation, and right information.


SEO is all about getting free visitors from search engines  

When a site is optimized perfectly, search engines smartly match the keywords from the site relevant to the original search made and display the site name on the first page of search engines. Thus, SEO is the permanent solution to list a site on the first page.

Social Media Optimization adds fuel to link building and free branding. Sites that people follow get shared within social networks and create thousands of links. Search engines hold a good record of internal links and give more preference to sites with high-value, high-relevance links.